The three national highways that criss- cross at Bikaner today are a reminder of times long past when Bikaner served as an important link on the caravan trade route between Asia and Africa. Bikaner lies around three hundred kilometers to the northwest of Jaipur, the state capital of Rajasthan. The city got its name from Rao Bika in the 1400’s. He chose Bikaner as his capital and his descendants occupy the palace today. The city is famous with its palaces and fort, its cuisine and way of life.
Bikaner, before the 15th century, was known by the name of Jangladesh and was under the rule of Rajputs. In 1486, Rao Bika, a Rajput ruler, built this place. The place where Rao Bika wanted to build it belonged to a Nehra Jat who got ready to give the land to the king, only if the name of the place would be linked to his name, to which the king agreed. Hence, the name of the place was kept Bikaner.
Rao Bika, being the first son of Rao Jodha, wanted to build his own kingdom and hence, built the present day Bikaner. Since Bikaner was in the middle of the Thar desert, it served as an oasis and was on the trade route between Gujarat coast and Central Asia.
Bika also built a fort in this region in 1478 AD. The fort is famous by the name of Junagarh Fort.